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Types of Eye Inuries

Last Updated: May 27, 2014 01:30PM SGT
This is a discussion about some common eye injuries that may occur during work or even at home. Do not ever underestimate these minor injuries as they can lead to very serious consequences or even blindness.
The common causes of abrasions to the eye's surface (corneal abrasions) are getting poked in the eye or rubbing the eye when a foreign body is present, such as dust or sand. Corneal abrasions are very uncomfortable and cause eye redness and severe sensitivity to light.
Scratches make your eye susceptible to infection from bacteria or a fungus. Certain types of bacteria and fungi can enter the eye through a scratch and cause serious harm just within 24 hours. Blindness may even occur if whatever scratched your eye is dirty or contaminated.
If you have a scratched eye, don't rub it. And don't patch your eye, either. Bacteria like dark, warm places to grow, and a patch might provide the ideal environment. Simply keep the eye closed or loosely tape a paper cup or eye shield over it. See your doctor as soon as possible to check out this type of eye injury.
Penetrating or Foreign Objects in the Eye
Your eye also may have corneal foreign bodies that are small, sharp pieces of a substance, usually metal, that have become embedded in the eye's surface (cornea), but have not penetrated into the interior of the eye.
Metal foreign bodies can quickly form a rust ring and a significant scar. Your eye doctor should remove these foreign bodies as soon as possible.
Whenever a foreign object penetrates your eye, visit the emergency room/urgent care center immediately. Don’t attempt to remedy yourself because it may cause more injuries if you rub your eyes or remove the object yourself.
If possible, try loosely taping a paper cup or eye shield over your eye for protection; then seek help.


Traumatic iritis is inflammation of the colored part of the eye that surrounds the pupil (iris) and occurs after an eye injury. Traumatic iritis can be caused by a poke in the eye or a blow to the eye from a blunt object, such as a ball or a hand.
When the iris is injured, it becomes inflamed, and when the inside of the eye is inflamed, the body rushes white blood cells to the area to mend the problem and speed up healing.
The inflamed cells make it very sticky inside the eye; it may cause part of the iris or other parts of the eye to stick together, causing further damage. Also, the fluid in the front part of the eye, the aqueous humor, can fill with inflammatory cells and sometimes pigment or blood from the trauma, causing it to thicken. The thickened liquid may not be filtered out of the eye fast enough, causing eye pressure to rise to dangerous levels. On the contrary, sometimes the ciliary body is also traumatized, causing reduced eye pressure. Although this usually doesn’t lower eye pressure to dangerous levels, it is something that eye doctors pay close attention to.
Cr: www.uniteforsight.org
Traumatic iritis usually requires treatment. Even with medical treatment, there is a risk of permanent decreased vision.
Seek help from a doctor right away if you experience the following after 2-3 days you got hit.
·       eye ache or pain
·       sensitivity and pain when exposed to light
·       blurry vision
·       tearing
·       redness
What to do generally if you encounter eye injuries?
If you have any eye injury, contact your eye care practitioner immediately for advice.
In certain extreme situations such as a penetrating eye injury or an eye knocked out of the socket, it may be better to get to the hospital immediately without taking the time to try calling anyone.
Once you are in the care of a doctor, be sure to mention if you wear contact lenses so you can be advised whether to leave them in or remove them.
Depending on the type of eye injury, the doctor may want you to flush your eye with water or saline solution. In more serious situations, you may need surgery.
Treat all eye injuries as potential emergencies, and never hesitate to contact or see an eye doctor immediately.
Don't take risks with your eyesight. Remember, you have only one pair of eyes. Wear safety glasses to protect yourself.
You can check out the safety eyewear at http://www.estore.com.sg/safety-eyewear-c-173.html 

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